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crc.c

/*
 * crc.c
 *
 * PURPOSE
 *    Routines to generate, calculate, and test a 16-bit CRC.
 *
 * DESCRIPTION
 *    The CRC code was devised by Don P. Mitchell of AT&T Bell Laboratories
 *    and Ned W. Rhodes of Software Systems Group. It has been published in
 *    "Design and Validation of Computer Protocols", Prentice Hall,
 *    Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1991, Chapter 3, ISBN 0-13-539925-4.
 *
 *    Copyright is held by AT&T.
 *
 *    AT&T gives permission for the free use of the CRC source code.
 *
 * CONTACTS
 *    E-mail regarding any portion of the Linux UDF file system should be
 *    directed to the development team mailing list (run by majordomo):
 *          linux_udf@hootie.lvld.hp.com
 *
 * COPYRIGHT
 *    This file is distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public
 *    License (GPL). Copies of the GPL can be obtained from:
 *          ftp://prep.ai.mit.edu/pub/gnu/GPL
 *    Each contributing author retains all rights to their own work.
 */

#include "ecma_167.h"

static uint16_t crc_table[256] = {
      0x0000U, 0x1021U, 0x2042U, 0x3063U, 0x4084U, 0x50a5U, 0x60c6U, 0x70e7U,
      0x8108U, 0x9129U, 0xa14aU, 0xb16bU, 0xc18cU, 0xd1adU, 0xe1ceU, 0xf1efU,
      0x1231U, 0x0210U, 0x3273U, 0x2252U, 0x52b5U, 0x4294U, 0x72f7U, 0x62d6U,
      0x9339U, 0x8318U, 0xb37bU, 0xa35aU, 0xd3bdU, 0xc39cU, 0xf3ffU, 0xe3deU,
      0x2462U, 0x3443U, 0x0420U, 0x1401U, 0x64e6U, 0x74c7U, 0x44a4U, 0x5485U,
      0xa56aU, 0xb54bU, 0x8528U, 0x9509U, 0xe5eeU, 0xf5cfU, 0xc5acU, 0xd58dU,
      0x3653U, 0x2672U, 0x1611U, 0x0630U, 0x76d7U, 0x66f6U, 0x5695U, 0x46b4U,
      0xb75bU, 0xa77aU, 0x9719U, 0x8738U, 0xf7dfU, 0xe7feU, 0xd79dU, 0xc7bcU,
      0x48c4U, 0x58e5U, 0x6886U, 0x78a7U, 0x0840U, 0x1861U, 0x2802U, 0x3823U,
      0xc9ccU, 0xd9edU, 0xe98eU, 0xf9afU, 0x8948U, 0x9969U, 0xa90aU, 0xb92bU,
      0x5af5U, 0x4ad4U, 0x7ab7U, 0x6a96U, 0x1a71U, 0x0a50U, 0x3a33U, 0x2a12U,
      0xdbfdU, 0xcbdcU, 0xfbbfU, 0xeb9eU, 0x9b79U, 0x8b58U, 0xbb3bU, 0xab1aU,
      0x6ca6U, 0x7c87U, 0x4ce4U, 0x5cc5U, 0x2c22U, 0x3c03U, 0x0c60U, 0x1c41U,
      0xedaeU, 0xfd8fU, 0xcdecU, 0xddcdU, 0xad2aU, 0xbd0bU, 0x8d68U, 0x9d49U,
      0x7e97U, 0x6eb6U, 0x5ed5U, 0x4ef4U, 0x3e13U, 0x2e32U, 0x1e51U, 0x0e70U,
      0xff9fU, 0xefbeU, 0xdfddU, 0xcffcU, 0xbf1bU, 0xaf3aU, 0x9f59U, 0x8f78U,
      0x9188U, 0x81a9U, 0xb1caU, 0xa1ebU, 0xd10cU, 0xc12dU, 0xf14eU, 0xe16fU,
      0x1080U, 0x00a1U, 0x30c2U, 0x20e3U, 0x5004U, 0x4025U, 0x7046U, 0x6067U,
      0x83b9U, 0x9398U, 0xa3fbU, 0xb3daU, 0xc33dU, 0xd31cU, 0xe37fU, 0xf35eU,
      0x02b1U, 0x1290U, 0x22f3U, 0x32d2U, 0x4235U, 0x5214U, 0x6277U, 0x7256U,
      0xb5eaU, 0xa5cbU, 0x95a8U, 0x8589U, 0xf56eU, 0xe54fU, 0xd52cU, 0xc50dU,
      0x34e2U, 0x24c3U, 0x14a0U, 0x0481U, 0x7466U, 0x6447U, 0x5424U, 0x4405U,
      0xa7dbU, 0xb7faU, 0x8799U, 0x97b8U, 0xe75fU, 0xf77eU, 0xc71dU, 0xd73cU,
      0x26d3U, 0x36f2U, 0x0691U, 0x16b0U, 0x6657U, 0x7676U, 0x4615U, 0x5634U,
      0xd94cU, 0xc96dU, 0xf90eU, 0xe92fU, 0x99c8U, 0x89e9U, 0xb98aU, 0xa9abU,
      0x5844U, 0x4865U, 0x7806U, 0x6827U, 0x18c0U, 0x08e1U, 0x3882U, 0x28a3U,
      0xcb7dU, 0xdb5cU, 0xeb3fU, 0xfb1eU, 0x8bf9U, 0x9bd8U, 0xabbbU, 0xbb9aU,
      0x4a75U, 0x5a54U, 0x6a37U, 0x7a16U, 0x0af1U, 0x1ad0U, 0x2ab3U, 0x3a92U,
      0xfd2eU, 0xed0fU, 0xdd6cU, 0xcd4dU, 0xbdaaU, 0xad8bU, 0x9de8U, 0x8dc9U,
      0x7c26U, 0x6c07U, 0x5c64U, 0x4c45U, 0x3ca2U, 0x2c83U, 0x1ce0U, 0x0cc1U,
      0xef1fU, 0xff3eU, 0xcf5dU, 0xdf7cU, 0xaf9bU, 0xbfbaU, 0x8fd9U, 0x9ff8U,
      0x6e17U, 0x7e36U, 0x4e55U, 0x5e74U, 0x2e93U, 0x3eb2U, 0x0ed1U, 0x1ef0U
};

/*
 * udf_crc
 *
 * PURPOSE
 *    Calculate a 16-bit CRC checksum using ITU-T V.41 polynomial.
 *
 * DESCRIPTION
 *    The OSTA-UDF(tm) 1.50 standard states that using CRCs is mandatory.
 *    The polynomial used is: x^16 + x^12 + x^15 + 1
 *
 * PRE-CONDITIONS
 *    data        Pointer to the data block.
 *    size        Size of the data block.
 *
 * POST-CONDITIONS
 *    <return>    CRC of the data block.
 *
 * HISTORY
 *    July 21, 1997 - Andrew E. Mileski
 *    Adapted from OSTA-UDF(tm) 1.50 standard.
 */
extern uint16_t
udf_crc(uint8_t *data, uint32_t size, uint16_t crc)
{
      while (size--)
            crc = crc_table[(crc >> 8 ^ *(data++)) & 0xffU] ^ (crc << 8);

      return crc;
}

/****************************************************************************/
#if defined(TEST)

/*
 * PURPOSE
 *    Test udf_crc()
 *
 * HISTORY
 *    July 21, 1997 - Andrew E. Mileski
 *    Adapted from OSTA-UDF(tm) 1.50 standard.
 */

unsigned char bytes[] = { 0x70U, 0x6AU, 0x77U };

int main(void)
{
      unsigned short x;

      x = udf_crc16(bytes, sizeof bytes);
      printf("udf_crc16: calculated = %4.4x, correct = %4.4x\n", x, 0x3299U);

      return 0;
}

#endif /* defined(TEST) */

/****************************************************************************/
#if defined(GENERATE)

/*
 * PURPOSE
 *    Generate a table for fast 16-bit CRC calculations (any polynomial).
 *
 * DESCRIPTION
 *    The ITU-T V.41 polynomial is 010041.
 *
 * HISTORY
 *    July 21, 1997 - Andrew E. Mileski
 *    Adapted from OSTA-UDF(tm) 1.50 standard.
 */

#include <stdio.h>

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
      unsigned long crc, poly;
      int n, i;

      /* Get the polynomial */
      sscanf(argv[1], "%lo", &poly);
      if (poly & 0xffff0000U){
            fprintf(stderr, "polynomial is too large\en");
            exit(1);
      }

      printf("/* CRC 0%o */\n", poly);

      /* Create a table */
      printf("static unsigned short crc_table[256] = {\n");
      for (n = 0; n < 256; n++){
            if (n % 8 == 0)
                  printf("\t");
            crc = n << 8;
            for (i = 0; i < 8; i++){
                  if(crc & 0x8000U)
                        crc = (crc << 1) ^ poly;
                  else
                        crc <<= 1;
            crc &= 0xFFFFU;
            }
            if (n == 255)
                  printf("0x%04xU ", crc);
            else
                  printf("0x%04xU, ", crc);
            if(n % 8 == 7)
                  printf("\n");
      }
      printf("};\n");

      return 0;
}

#endif /* defined(GENERATE) */

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